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CMS - content management system

CMS - content management system

A content management system (CMS) manages the creation and modification of digital content. It typically supports multiple users in a collaborative environment.

CMS features vary widely. Most CMSs include Web-based publishing, format management, history editing and version control, indexing, search, and retrieval. By their nature, content management systems support the separation of content and presentation.

A web content management system (WCM or WCMS) is a CMS designed to support the management of the content of Web pages. Most popular CMSs are also WCMSs. Web content includes text and embedded graphics, photos, video, audio, maps, and program code (such as for applications) that displays content or interacts with the user.

Such a content management system (CMS) typically has two major components. A content management application (CMA) is the front-end user interface that allows a user, even with limited expertise, to add, modify, and remove content from a website without the intervention of a webmaster. A content delivery application (CDA) compiles that information and updates the website. Digital asset management systems are another type of CMS. They manage content with clearly defined author or ownership, such as documents, movies, pictures, phone numbers, and scientific data. Companies also use CMSs to store, control, revise, and publish documentation.

Based on market share statistics, the most popular content management system is WordPress, used by more than 28% of all websites on the Internet, and by 59% of all websites using a known content management system, followed by Joomla and Drupal.

Content management systems typically provide the following features:

  • Search engine optimization
  • Integrated and online documentation
  • Modularity and extensibility
  • User and group functionality
  • Templating support for changing designs
  • Installation and upgrade wizards
  • Integrated audit logs
  • Compliance with various accessibility frameworks and standards, such as WAI-ARIA
  • Reduced need to code from scratch
  • Unified user experience
  • Version control
  • Edit permission management

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F.A.Q about CMS - content management system

What is A CMS?

Answer: CMS is an acronym for "Content Management System". You may see some variations on this term, but they all refer to the same concept. Variations include:

  • Content Management System
  • Web CMS
  • Web Content Management System
  • CMS Platform
  • Content Management Platform
  • CMS System

What Does A CMS Do?

In it's simplest terms, Content Management Systems are designed to help users create and manage their websites. A CMS helps webmasters manage the many different resources, content types and various data that make up modern web sites.

At a minimum, modern websites make use of HTML, CSS, Javascript and images (jpeg, gif, png...) to create web content for visitors to read. At the core of every CMS is the ability to organize these resources and generate valid content that can be read by web browsers. More advanced websites have interactive components (comment sections, forums, e-commerce...) that requires server software to validate and save user submitted content.
All of the most popular Content Management Systems have features built-in or available for download as addons for all of these features.

How To Use a CMS?

To begin using a CMS on your website, you'll need to get it installed on your server. Installation is typically very easy. The most popular systems have created interfaces to guide you through the installation process which can include the creation of a database and changing file permissions. To make things even easier, your hosting provider may have taken care of most of the configuration options already with a "1 Click Installation" feature.