IT Project Management
IT project management is the process of planning, organizing and delineating responsibility for the completion of an organizations' specific information technology (IT) goals.
IT project management includes overseeing projects for software development, hardware installations, network upgrades, cloud computing and virtualization rollouts, business analytics and data management projects and implementing IT services.
In addition to the normal problems that can cause a project to fail, factors that can negatively affect the success of an IT project include advances in technology during the project's execution, infrastructure changes that impact security and data management and unknown dependent relationships among hardware, software, network infrastructure and data. IT projects may also succumb to the first-time, first-use penalty which represents the total risk an organization assumes when implementing new technology for the first time. Because the technology hasn’t been implemented or used before in the organization, there are likely to be complications that will affect the project’s likelihood of success.
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F.A.Q. about IT Project Management
What is a Project?
A Project is an initiative launched to create a unique product or service. A Project has a defined start date and a defined end date. The start date represents when the project will be launched. The end date specifies when the project will be completed.
A Project is not a reoccurring activity; but rather is a single effort to produce something new.
What is Project Management?
Project Management is the collection and application of skills, knowledge, processes, and activities to meet a specific objective that may take the form of a product or service. Project Management is an integrated process of applying 5 major processes and their related activities throughout a project lifecycle: initiating, planning, executing, monitoring and Controlling, Closeout.
What is a Project Management Methodology?
A Project Management Methodology is the overall approach (system) that will be followed to meet the project objectives.
What are the characteristics of a project?
A Project has three characteristics:
- Temporal nature (Is not ongoing and has a definite start and end date.)
- Unique Deliverable (Produces a new unique product or service that does not exist.)
- Progressive (Actions follow a sequence or pattern and progress over time.)
Who is responsible for the project?
The Project Manager is directly responsible for the results of the project. He/She should use the necessary skills, knowledge, and tools to meet the project objectives. During the early phases of the project, the Project Manager, working with the project team, should be able to:
- Determine project goals and objectives
- Determine assumptions and constraints
- Define and validate product description
- Determine project requirements
- Define Project deliverables
- Estimate and monitor project resource allocation